From Anthroposophy

Evil is the opposite of the good:

  • when pure love is the good, then evil is pure hate
  • when the normal evolutionary development and goals is the good, the opposite is the development path of the evil races and the eight sphere


  • No evil in buddhi-nirvana planes, only below.
  • Lucifer and Ahriman .. Asuras/Sorat
  • historical perspective: Atlantis, Mexican mysteries (Vizliputzli's fight)
  • creation of the future evil races (1907-06-05-GA099)


Lecture coverage and references

This includes the evil races that will arise in the future planetary stages Future Jupiter, Venus and Vulcan, as depicted on FMC00.077A.

See also the Eight sphere.

Various lectures

1904-08-12-GA090A (p. 102) explains how the secret of evil can only be understood, or lies, at the border of the highest regions of the Spirit World (sixth and seventh regions) and the higher budhi and nirvana planes. (DL translation)

As long as we are in these three lower worlds (physical, astral and spirit worlds), and not in the world of the Budhi plane above, we are not able or entitled to speak about the origins of evil. Within these three lower worlds we have also the evil besides the good, the inperfect besides the perfect. All this is well established and justified there that they belong together. The answer to this question [the origin of evil] belongs to the higher meaning of being, of all life and becoming. This however is not withing reach of understanding when one stays within the three lower worlds. The question remains: Why then is there, in these three lower worlds, the evil and inperfect mixed together with the good and perfect?. These three worlds have been created from Nirvana and Budhi planes, and only from that perspective can one see and understand how evil lies as a decision within the larger order of the world that has been created, and sprouts forth from the good. The good is the actual origin of creation, and from this the worlds originate. However how they originate and how this happens, that we cannot know or understand within the three lower worlds.

and continues (p 103) to the link with karma and how all evil ultimately resolves into the good, through the good.

1907-06-05-GA099 is extremely explicit in the generation of the future evil races

Only by observing this aspect — that the body will be moulded from the soul — will man really transform the human race. Only through a thinking trained in the occult and spiritual sense, will there appear what has been described as the transformation of the heart and the larynx.

What humanity thinks today, that will it be in the future. A humanity that thinks materialistically will produce frightful beings in the future, and a humanity that thinks spiritual thoughts, so works upon and transforms the future organism that beautiful human bodies will proceed from it.

What the materialistic mode of thought brings about has not yet been completed. We have two streams today,

  • a great materialistic one which fills the earth,
  • and the small spiritual stream which is restricted to but few human beings.

Distinguish between soul-evolution and race-evolution. Do not think that if races pass over to a grotesque form that the soul too does the same.

  • All materialistically thinking souls work on the production of evil race-formations,
  • and what is done of a spiritual nature causes the bringing forth of a good race.

Just as mankind has brought forth that which has retrogressed in the animals, plants and minerals, so will a portion split off and represent the evil part of humanity.

And in the body which meanwhile will have grown soft the inner badness of the soul will express itself externally. Just as older conditions which have degenerated to the ape species seem grotesque to us today, so do materialistic races remain at the standpoint of evil, and will people the earth as evil races. It will lie entirely with humanity as to whether a soul will remain in the bad race or will ascend by spiritual culture to a good race.

Link with Manicheism

1904-11-11-GA093 on The Manicheans (SWCC)

The profound thought that lies in this is that the kingdom of darkness has to be overcome by the kingdom of light; not by means of punishment, but through mildness; not by resisting evil, but by uniting with it in order to redeem evil as such. Because a part of the light enters evil, the evil itself is overcome. ..

.. a form for the Christian Life of the Sixth epoch must be prepared: number of human beings must be formed into an organization in which the Christianity of the Sixth root race can find its place. This Form or external form of society must spring from a handful of men whom Manes prepares. This is the community that Manes prepares. ..

In this Sixth Root Race, Good and Evil will form a far greater contrast than they do today. What will appear in the Fifth Round for the whole of humanity, i.e., that the physiognomy will be a direct expression for that which karma has created in man, so, in the Sixth root race, Evil will appear, especially in the Spiritual.

  • There will be men who are mighty in Love and Goodness.
  • But Evil will also be there as a mood and a disposition without any covering, within a large number of human beings. They will extol Evil.

.. The task of the Sixth Root Race is to draw Evil again into itself through gentleness. In those who are the followers of the Sons of the Widow there will live the inviolable principle that Evil must be overcome through gentleness. That is the task of the Manichean spiritual stream.

.. It must express itself in the forming of a community which has to spread above all things: Peace, Love, and Non-resistance to Evil. It must create a Form for the Life that is to come later.


The problem of Evil

1909-08-31-GA113 (in full in spirhier)

We know that evil does not exist on nirvana budhi plane (ref), but only occurs below. The divine is higher than 'Man's cosmos of Spirit land and below', and is only 'good'. This is important because atheists often pose evil as a key argument against the existence of the divine, because of the contradition with the divine being the absolute good. "How could a God that is pure good create all this evil we see around us, and why?" The answer lies in the luciferic infection and all that followed from it for humanity. The Luciferic beings can be seen as a 'design choice' in our solar system, a well-considered risk and conscious choice related to freedom; it might also just have happened by itself, originating during the Old Sun planetary stage. See Luciferic beings and their influences

The above question of evil is addressed in 1904-08-12-GA090A (see very partial quote above).

Related pages

References and further reading

  • Hans-Werner Schroeder: Necessary evil: origins and purpose (1984 in DE, 2005 in EN)
  • Bernard Nesfield-Cookson: Michael and the two-horned beast (1998)
  • Christine Gruwez: 'Mani and Rudolf Steiner: Manichaeism, Anthroposophy, and Their Meeting in the Future' (2014)