Christ Module 9: Trinity and Logoi

From Anthroposophy

The Christ being that went through the Mystery of Golgotha was part of the highest threefold divinity or Trinity, and is therefore also called the Son, the Word, the Logos.

This module covers (9A) the beginning of the Gospel of John and statements that Christ was the creator of the solar system, and what this implies for the relationship between Father and Son. It requires a deeper understanding on the threefold aspect of the Trinity.

Secondly (9B) this module also looks into what is what additional meaning is in the fact for Christ the name or term 'Logos' is used, or 'the Word'. This to distinguish when the term Sun God is used, to denote the highest being in the hierarchy of the Sun. See also Threefold Sun.

Thirdly (9C), this module looks into Christ's relationship to the hierarchies.

Aspects

9A - Christ as creator, part of the Trinity, and threefoldedness

  • the beginning of the Gospel of John: ‘In the beginning was the Logos. And the Logos was the Life.In the enlivened Logos was Light.’
    • the Logos (Son) as the creator of everything, instead of the Father principle (1921-06-30-GA204)
    • comparison first sentence Gospel of John and Genesis (1909-06-25-GA112)
    • In the beginning, during the Old Saturn stage of evolution, everything arose out of the Logos. During the Old Sun evolution, there was Life in the Logos; and from out of the living Logos, during the Old Moon evolution, there arose Light. During the Earth stage, from out of the Logos filled with Light and Life, there arose on the Sun, Light in a more glorious form, but Man fell into a state of darkness. (1909-06-26-GA112)
  • see note [3] - 'The beginning of creation' in the Discussion area below for an overview
  • see note [1] in the Discussion area of Three dimensions of evolution, regarding 'The three logoi and the three dimensions of evolution: the 1904-10-25-GA089 quote'
  • the threefoldedness links into the rosecrucian line: 'Ex Deo nascimur - In Christo morimur - Per Spiritum Sanctum reviviscimus', see EDN - ICM - PSSR.

9B - Christ as Logos versus Christ as Sun God

  • Christ as the Logos part of the Trinity
    • "Christ .. does not belong to the hierarchies, but to the Trinity." (1909-04-21-GA110) .. "Christ is the second form of the godhead .. the Trinity" (1924-06-12-GA239)
    • "descended to the Sun from yet more distant heights" (1922-04-24-GA211) .. "Christ's descent is the ensouling of Mankind with the Logos of the Beginning and of Eternity" (1924-GA026-LT139, see also IAO)

9C - Christ's relationship to the hierarchies

  • the relationship between the Trinity and the spiritual hierarchies
    • "the Logos stands 'above' or 'behind' this highest of the Sun hierarchy or Sun God called Christ. Behind each of the three groups of the Spiritual Hierarchies stands a person of the Godhead" (see quote by Steiner via Rittelmeyer)
  • the Christ Logos as part of the Trinity, stands above, but is linked to (and - we can imagine - can 'work and shine through') various levels of the nine spiritual hierarchies
    • Cherubim
      • Christ is described (a) as the Lion (of the tribe of Judah) in the Book of Revelation (5:5). Also (b) Ezekiel (10:14) makes reference to the Cherubim with four faces, one of which is the Lion. Rudolf Steiner refers to Christ as the Lion and Sun Cherub (c). Furthermore there is symbolism (d) linking the Lion as the middle between Bull and Eagle, the basis for the fourth balanced development out of these three: Man. That symbolism also includes (e) the link of the Lion with the heart, and buddhi; and (f) the zodiac sign Leo.
      • For further coverage of the above, see
        • Note [2] - 'Christ as Lion and Sun Cherub' in the Discussion area below
        • Note [1] - 'The Christ Impulse in the starry script' in the Discussion area on Christ in the future .. (incl. Schema FMC00.373)
    • Spirit of Wisdom
      • See note [4] - 'Christ Shining through the gate of the Spirit of Wisdom' in the Discussion area below. Note this takes place in a context of the current Postatlantean epoch on Earth.
    • Spirits of Form
      • the six Elohim on the Sun and the seventh Jehovah on the Moon
    • Archangel
      • ensouled by the Christ in the Three pre-MoG interventions of Christ
      • as well as the link with Archangel Michael as 'the face of Christ'
      • see also note [1] - 'The 1914-02-10-GA148 quote' on Three pre-MoG interventions of Christ, regarding the link of the archangel Michael, the archangel ensouled in the pre-MoG interventions, and the Adam sister soul later incarnated in the Nathan Jesus child
    • Angel: Christ in the form of an angel after the MoG (see 1913-05-02-GA152 on Christ in the future cultural ages and next epoch)
      • "Christ then united Himself with the hierarchy of the angels and has since that time lived invisibly in the sphere of the Earth." .. "the angelic being, who since then has been the outer form assumed by Christ"

Lecture coverage and references

1907-06-24-GA100

We designate the whole hosts of Spirits whose Leader is the Christ as the 'Fire Spirits' and we say:

  • The 'I spirits' (or asuras) reached the human stage during the Old Saturn stage.
  • During the Old Sun stage the archangels (fire spirits) or the logoi whose highest representative is named the Logos or the Word, reached this stage.

For this very reason, Christ is named the 'Word' that existed in 'the beginning', and the 'beginning' designates in the Bible a definite point of departure in the cosmic evolution.

1907-11-16-GA100

[Gospel st John as intro]If we translate St. John's Gospel according to the spirit and not only according to the words, the first 14 verses run approximately as follows:

1. In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was a God

2. The same was in the very beginning with God

3. All things were made by Him, and without Him was not anything made that was made.

4. In Him was Life, and the Life was the Light of men.

5. And the Light shone in the darkness, but the darkness did not comprehend it.

...

Even the very first words are taken in an abstract sense by the modern man. The “Very Beginning” is thought of as an abstract beginning; but to grasp the true significance of this word we must recall what was taught on this point in the Christian Secret School of Dionysius the Areopagite.

Mineral, plant, animal, and man make up the series of being in evolution which require the physical body. Above them are beings who do not need the physical body, namely, the Angels, Archangels, Very Beginnings, the Powers, Virtues, Dominions, the Thrones, Cherubim and Seraphim, and Beings were still higher.

Thus the 'Very Beginnings' are real Beings. They are those who, at the beginning of the evolution of our world [editor: the Earth stage is meant], were already at the stage humanity will only reach at the end of its evolution (in the Vulcan stage)

[editor note: in the above it appears Very Beginnings maps to archai; indeed see Schema FMC00.273.jpg where another name for Archai is 'Primal Beginnings'. See Schema FMC00.077A, Man will be at CoC=7, and at the Earth stage of evolution the Archai are at this level]

[First verse]

If in the light of this we study the first verse, “In the very beginning was the word,” we might represent the state of affairs pictorially by the following comparison. Before we utter a word, this word lives in us as thought. It lives within us. When the word is uttered the air around us is set in motion; vibrations are produced. If we imagine these vibrations condensed and hardened in some way, we should see the words fall to the ground as forms and figures; we should perceive the creative power of the word with our eyes. If the word is already creative now, it will be much more so in the future.

[Man's creative power: heart and larynx]

Man already possesses organs which will only attain their full significance in the future; he also possesses others which are already in decline. To the latter belong the organs of reproduction, to the former the heart and the larynx, for these are only at the beginning of their development. At the present time the heart is an involuntary muscle, although it has transverse fibers like all voluntary muscles. These transverse fibers are an indication that the heart is in the process of transition from an involuntary to a voluntary organ. The larynx is destined to be the human organ of reproduction in a distant future, strange as this may sound at present. Just as Man, by means of speech, can already transpose his thoughts into vibrations of the air, he will in the future be able to create his own image by means of the word.

The 'Very Beginnings' already possessed this creative power at the outset of the evolution of our world and can therefore be rightly looked upon as divine Beings. At the beginning of the evolution of the Earth a divine Word was uttered, and this has become mineral, plant, animal and Man.

1908-05-19-GA103 – beginning of solar system

The first words of the Gospel of St. John touch upon the deepest mysteries of the world. This can be seen when we allow the truths of Spiritual Science which lie at their very foundation to pass before our souls. And we must dip deeply into spiritual knowledge, if these first words of this Gospel are to appear to us in the right light.

[Old Saturn]

Let us consider now for a moment as a whole what we have today brought before our souls. The power of speech, namely the Word, was originally with the Divine, and the whole of evolution was so directed that the Godhead first created, as pre-requisite, a physical apparatus which only later acquired the power to allow this Word to sound forth out of itself. Everything was thus guided and directed. Like the flower within its seed, the tone-uttering human being, endowed with the Word or Logos, existed already in germ upon Old Saturn. Sound was concealed within this germ and developed out of it just as the whole plant grows out of the seed in which it has been hidden.

Let us look back upon the physical human body as it existed upon Old Saturn and ask ourselves:

Whence came this physical human body? What was its primal source? What did it need to carry it through the whole of evolution?

It came from the Logos or the Word. For even as early as the Old Saturn stage this physical human body was directed in such a way that it later became capable of speech, became a witness of the Logos. That you are formed as you are today, that this human body has its present shape, rests upon the fact that the 'Word' lies at the very foundation of the whole plan of our creation. The whole human body has been constructed upon the Word and from the very beginning it was so endowed that at last the Word was able to spring forth from it. When, therefore, the esoteric Christian, looking at this physical human body, asked: What is its original prototype and what is its image? the answer was: This physical human body has its origin in the Word or Logos. This Word or Logos was active from the beginning within the physical human body — and it is still active there today when the physical body lies in bed deserted by the I. During that time, the divine Logos is active within the members thus forsaken by the human soul. If we ask: What was the very first beginning of the physical body? then the answer is: The Logos or the Word.

[Old Sun and Old Moon]

We shall now follow evolution still further. Old Saturn passed over into the Old Sun stage; and then to the human physical body, the life or ether body was added. But what must have entered in order that such a step forward could be made? While on Old Saturn, the physical body was a kind of machine, a sort of automaton, wholly permeated and maintained, however, by the Logos; on the Old Sun, the life body was added within which the divine Life-Spirit was active. During Old Saturn, the human body was an expression of the Logos; then Old Saturn disappeared, and this human body was reborn upon the Old Sun. To the physical body was added the life body, permeated by the Life-Spirit. The Logos became Life upon Old Sun, while advancing the human creature to a higher stage. The Logos became Life upon Old Sun!

All that we have been trying to present in the language of esoteric Christianity, deep mysteries of existence familiar to those who were 'servants of the Logos' in the earliest times, all this is presented unequivocally in sublime, clear-cut verses in the Gospel of St. John. One must, however, translate these first words in the right way, in conformity with their meaning. Properly translated, these words give the actual facts which have just been presented. Let us bring these facts again before our souls, in order that we may fully comprehend their value.

In the beginning was the Logos which was the archetype of the physical human body, the foundation of all things. All animals, plants and minerals appeared later, for the human creature alone was present upon Old Saturn. During the Old Sun stage, the animal kingdom was added, during the Old Moon stage, the plant kingdom and upon the Earth the mineral kingdom appeared.

Upon Old Sun, the Logos became Life and upon Old Moon, it became Light; then when the human creature became endowed with an I, the Logos as Light confronted him. But he had to learn to know the nature of the Logos and learn in what form It eventually would make its appearance. First there was the Logos which became Life, then Light, and this Light lives in the astral body. Into the human inner being, into the darkness, into the ignorance, the Light shone.

And the meaning of life upon Earth is this: That men should overcome this darkness of the soul, in order that they may recognize the Light of the Logos.

The first words of the Gospel of St. John are incisive, although, perhaps, very difficult to understand, as many may say.

But should the most profound mysteries of the world be expressed in trivial language?

Is it not a strange point of view, a real insult to what is Holy when one says, for example, that in order to understand a watch one must penetrate deeply into the nature of the thing with the understanding, but for a comprehension of the Divine in the world, the simple, plain, naive human intelligence should suffice? It is a very bad thing for present humanity that it has reached the point of saying, when reference is made to the profoundness of religious documents: O, why all these complicated explanations? It should all be plain and simple. However, only those who have the good intention and good will to plunge down into the great cosmic facts can penetrate into the deep meaning of such words as those at the very beginning of the most profound of the gospels, this Gospel of St. John, words that are in fact a paraphrase of Spiritual Science.

Let us now translate the introductory words of this Gospel:

In the beginning was the Word and the Word was with God and the Word was a God (or divine). This was in the beginning with God. Through the same all things were made and save through this Word, nothing was made. In It was Life, and Life became the Light of men. And the Light shone into the darkness, but the darkness comprehended it not.

How the darkness, little by little, comes to an understanding of the Light is recounted later on in the Gospels.

1908-05-20-GA103 – beginning of the earth

Yesterday we saw what profound contents are concealed within the first words of the Gospel of St. John and we shall now be able to summarize our observations by saying that the writer of this Gospel pointed to the creation of a pre-humanity in the far distant past and indicated that, according to Esoteric Christianity, everything leads back to the Word or the Logos.

The Logos was already a creating power even in the Old Saturn stage; it then became Life while our Earth was passing through its existence as the Old Sun, and it became Light while the Earth was passing through the Old Moon stage. Under the influence of divine spiritual forces and powers, in the course of the three planetary states of evolution, the human creature reached the point in his development at which he became penetrated by the human I, the Earth having now developed into our present planet. Thus we may say that a creature, like a kind of seed, came over to the Earth from the Old Moon, consisting of a physical body, derived from the divine, primal Word; an ether or life body having its source in divine Life; and an astral body issuing from divine Light. Within this creature's inmost being, during life upon the Earth, the light of the I itself was now enkindled and this three-fold bodily nature, physical, etheric and astral, became capable of saying to itself “I AM.” Thus, in a certain sense, we may call the Earth evolution, the evolution of the “I AM,” the evolution of the self-consciousness of the human race. This “I AM,” this capacity for full self-consciousness, developed slowly and gradually in the course of the evolution of Earth humanity. We must clearly understand how this evolution of Earth humanity proceeded, how slowly and gradually the I, that is to say, full self-consciousness, made its appearance within it.

[Start of Earth - separation sun]

When the Old Moon had completed its evolution, there were seven great beings of this kind who had progressed far enough to pour forth love. Here we touch upon a deep mystery which Spiritual Science reveals.

In the beginning of the Earth-evolution, there was on the one side the childlike humanity which was to receive love and become ready for the reception of the I, and on the other side there was the sun which separated from the Earth and rose to a more exalted existence. Seven principle Spirits of Light, who at the same time were the dispensing Spirits of Love, were able to evolve upon this sun. Only six of them, however, made the sun their dwelling-place and what streams down to us in the physical light of the sun contains within it the spiritual force of love from these six Spirits of Light or, as they are called in the Bible, the six Elohim.

One separated from the others and took a different path for the salvation of humanity. He did not choose the sun but the moon for his abode. And this Spirit of Light, who voluntarily renounced life upon the sun and chose the moon instead, is none other than the one whom the Old Testament calls Jahve or Jehova. This Spirit of Light who chose the moon as a dwelling-place is the one who from there pours ripened wisdom down upon the Earth, thus preparing the way for love.

Now, let us consider for a moment this mystery which lies behind the outer facts. The night belongs to the moon and it belonged to the moon to a much greater degree in that ancient time when the human being was not yet able to receive the force of love in the direct rays of the sun. At that time he received the reflected force of ripened wisdom from the moonlight. This ripened wisdom streamed down upon him from the moonlight during the time of night-consciousness. Therefore, Jahve is called the Ruler of the Night who prepared humanity for the love that was later to manifest during full waking-consciousness. Thus we can look back to that ancient past in human evolution when spiritually that event occurred which is merely symbolized by the heavenly bodies, the sun on the one side, the moon on the other. (See drawing). During the night, at certain times, the moon sends down to us the reflected force of the sun, but it is the same light which also shines upon us directly from the sun. Thus in ancient times, Jahve or Jehova reflected the force of matured wisdom, the force of the six Elohim, and sent this force down into human beings while they slept, preparing them to become capable later, by degrees, of receiving the power of love during waking-day consciousness.

[illustration diagram]

You will ask what was that Being Who appears at the beginning of our era as Christ-Jesus?

It was the incarnation of the Logos, of the six other Elohim, whose advent had been prepared by Jahve-God who preceded them. This figure of Jesus of Nazareth, in whom the Christ or the Logos was incarnated, brought into human life, into human history itself, what previously streamed down upon the earth from the sun, what was present only in the sunlight.

“The Logos became flesh.” It is upon this fact that the Gospel of St. John places the greatest importance and the writer of this Gospel had to lay great emphasis upon it because it is a fact that after the appearance of a few initiated Christian pupils who understood what had occurred, there followed others who could not fully understand it. They understood full well that at the foundation of all material things, behind all that appears to us in substantial form, there exists a psycho-spiritual world. But what they could not comprehend was that the Logos itself, by being incarnated in an individual human being, became physically visible for the physical sense-world. This they could not comprehend.

Therefore, that teaching which appeared in the early Christian centuries called the Gnosis, differs from the true Esoteric Christianity on this point. The writer of the Gospel of St. John pointed to this fact in powerful words, when he said: “No, you should not look upon the Christ as a super-sensible, ever invisible being only, one Who is the foundation of all material life, but you should consider this the important thing: ‘The Word became flesh and dwelt among us.’” This is the fine distinction between Esoteric Christianity and the primal Gnosis. The Gnosis, as well as Esoteric Christianity recognizes the Christ, but the former only as a spiritual being and in Jesus of Nazareth it sees at most a human herald, more or less bound to this spiritual being. It holds firmly to an ever invisible Christ. On the contrary, Esoteric Christianity has always held the idea of the Gospel of St. John, which rests upon the firm foundation of the words: “And the Logos became flesh and dwelt among us!” He Who was there in the visible world is an actual incarnation of the six sun Elohim, of the Logos! With the incarnation of the Logos, the earthly mission — or in other words, what the Earth was to become through the Event of Palestine — first really began. Previously, all was only a preparation.

1909-04-21-GA110 Q&A (not on rsarchive)

The Elohim is the name for the Spirits of Form. They are the only ones who, at the separation of the Sun with Earth and Moon, remained connected with the Sun. Elohim is the name for the totality of sun beings. At that time they had chosen the Sun as residence, not as working area of their influence. Christ, the highest of the Elohim, is the regent of the Elohim. However he does not belong to the hierarchies, but to the Trinity. In Christ we have before us a being, so powerful, that he works his influence on all members of our solar system.

1909-06-25-GA112

And who was the Being born in Jesus of Nazareth? We indicated this yesterday: the God who was there from the beginning, who had remained in the spiritual world, leaving Mankind to its development. He it was who descended and incarnated in the body of Jesus of Nazareth. Does the writer of the Gospel of St. John give us to understand this? To answer this question we need only read attentively the words of the Gospel; ...

[the Spirit of God in Genesis]

... but first let us read the beginning of the Old Testament:

‘In the beginning God created the Heaven and the Earth. And the Earth was waste and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.’

Let us call up this picture before us: ‘The Spirit of God moved upon the waters.’ Below is the Earth with its kingdoms, which issued from the divine Spirit. Among the descendants of the divine Spirit there is an individual so highly advanced that he can receive into himself this Spirit that moved upon the waters.

What does the writer of St. John's Gospel say? He tells us that John the Baptist recognized that the Being foretold in the Old Testament was there. He says: ‘I saw the Spirit descending from Heaven like a dove, and it rested upon him.’ John knew that he upon whom the Spirit descended was He who was to come: The Christ. Thus, the Spirit moving upon the waters is the beginning of earthly evolution; then, as John baptized with water, the Spirit who in the beginning moved upon the waters, descended into the body of Jesus of Nazareth. It would be impossible to express in words sublimer than St. John's, the connection between the events in Palestine and that other event related at the beginning of the same tradition of which his Gospel is a continuation.

[the Logos in John's gospel]

St. John also has words to express the fact that with Jesus of Nazareth that Spirit was united to whom the whole earth owes its creation and evolution. We know the first words of St. John's Gospel:

‘In the beginning was the Word (or Logos), and the Word (or Logos) was with God, and the Word (or Logos) was a God.’

What is the Logos? How was the Logos with God? Take the beginning of the Old Testament. We read of the Spirit of whom it is said: ‘And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. And God said, Let there be light, and there was light.’

Let us note this well and then express it in different words. Let us listen to the call of the divine Spirit whose creative Word resounded through the world. What is this Word? In the beginning was the Logos, and the divine Spirit called, and that came to pass even as the divine Spirit called. That means: ‘In the Word was life.’ For had there been no life in the Word, nothing would have come to pass. What came to pass? We are told: ‘And God said, Let there be light, and there was light.’ Now let us again turn to the Gospel of St. John.

‘In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was a God.’

The Word was now poured out into matter; in matter it had become, as it were, the outer form of the Godhead.

‘In Him (the Word) was life; and the life was the light of men.’

The writer of the Gospel of St. John refers directly to the ancient Book of Genesis and to the same divine Spirit, only in different words. He explains to us that this same divine Spirit appeared in Jesus of Nazareth; and, with regard to the Baptism by John, he is in agreement with the other Evangelists that at that moment the Christ was born in Jesus of Nazareth, after long preparation duly undergone by him. We must be clear on the point that, up to the Baptism by John, the life of Jesus of Nazareth, as related to us in the Gospels, presents nothing but a sum of experiences demonstrating his ascent to higher worlds in former incarnations, and showing how he prepared his entire being — his astral, etheric, and physical bodies — for the final reception of the Christ.

1909-06-26-GA112

On Old Moon the astral element was added, both to the beings on Old Moon and to those evolving on the separate Sun. We find the spiritual prototypes on the Sun, and on Old Moon their counterparts on the level of the animal.

Finally on the Earth a new condition was brought about, enabling man to absorb into himself the astral element which had developed on the Sun during the Old Moon stage, and which henceforth worked in him as a force. We will now trace these four conditions.

  • The sublime power which, during the evolution on Old Saturn, furnishes the germ of the human body form out of cosmic Chaos, is called by the writer of the Gospel of St. John the Logos.
  • The element which appeared on Old Sun and united itself to the first bodily form, he calls Life; it is what we call accordingly etheric or life body.
  • The element added on Old Moon, he calls Light; for this is the spiritual light, the astral light. This astral light causes a densification on the Old Moon, but a spiritualization on the separate Sun. This spiritualized element could evolve further, and did so evolve. And when the Sun again separated, the force evolved during the third stage (Old Moon) now shone into men; but Man was not yet able to behold that which shone into him from the Sun. It worked upon man as a force and formed him, but man could not behold it.

The essential nature of the Old Saturn stage, as we have clearly understood it, we now express in the words of St. John:

‘In the beginning was the Logos.’

We now pass to Old Sun. When we express the fact that whatever originated on Old Saturn was further developed on the Old Sun, we say: The etheric body was added:

‘And the Logos was the Life.’

On Old Moon the astral being was added, both of a corporal and of a spiritual nature:

‘In the enlivened Logos was Light.’

The light developed further; on the one hand, to the light of clairvoyance and, on the other, with Man to darkness. For when he should have received the Light, Man, being darkness, comprehended it not. Thus when we throw light from the Akashic records upon the Gospel of St. John, we read of the evolution of the world as follows:

In the beginning, during the Old Saturn stage of evolution, everything arose out of the Logos. During the Old Sun evolution, there was Life in the Logos; and from out of the living Logos, during the Old Moon evolution, there arose Light.

And from out of the Logos filled with Light and Life, there arose, on the Sun, during Earth evolution, Light in a more glorious form, but Man fell into a state of darkness.

From the Sun, the beings who were the advanced Bull-, Lion-, Eagle-, and human-spirits shone down as Light upon the Earth into the developing human forms. But these were darkness; they could not comprehend the Light that shone down upon them. (We must not confound this Light with physical light; this Light consisted of the combined radiations of the spiritual beings, the Bull-, Lion-, Eagle-, and human-spirits who represented the spiritual evolution on the Moon in continued form.)

This Light that streamed down was spiritual Light. Men could not receive it; they could not comprehend it; their whole evolution was furthered by it, but they were unconscious of its presence.

‘The Light shone in the darkness, but the darkness comprehended it not.’

Such are the exemplary words of the writer of the Gospel of St. John, when he places before us those great truths. And they who knew these things were ever called ‘ministers and priests of the Logos, as He was from the beginning.’ A priest or minister of the Logos, as he was from the beginning, is one who speaks thus.

1910-08-17-GA122 – describes the fact that the start of the Book of Genesis refers to the Earth stage of evolution, at the point of the separation of the Sun from the Earth

Let us concentrate on this moment, when the sun withdraws from its former state of union with the rest of the planet and begins to send its forces to the earth from without. Let us bear in mind that this was what made it possible, within the earth, for the solid element — what we today call matter — to begin to condense. If we fix this moment firmly in our minds we have the point of time at which Genesis, the creation story, begins. This is what it is describing. We should not associate with the opening words of Genesis the abstract, shadowy idea we get when we say “In the beginning,” which is something unspeakably poverty-stricken compared with what the ancient Hebrew sage felt. If we would bring the sound B'reschit before our souls in the right way, there must arise before us — in the only way it can do so, in mental images — all that happened through the severance of sun and earth, all that was to be found at the actual moment when the separation into two had just taken place.

1921-06-30-GA204 In the lecture 1921-06-30-GA204 the person of Scotus Erigena is presented as an example of the change in consciousness and thinking in the 4th century. It is illustrated by an explanation of what is in the Gospel of St John, starting from the fact that everything in the cosmos and earth's kingdoms was seen to be as the creation of God, the Father principle.

  • Among the things that were no longer understood, for example, is the beginning of the Gospel of St. John in the form generally known. If we take this beginning of the Gospel of John seriously, it actually states something that is no longer present in subsequent centuries in the general consciousness of those who profess Christianity. Consider that this Gospel starts with the words: “In the beginning was the Word” and then it saysfurther that through the Logos all things were made, that is, everything came into being that belongs among created things, and nothing was created except through the Logos.
  • If we take these words seriously, we have to admit: They signify that all visible things, all the things of the world, came into being through the Logos and that the Logos is therefore the actual creator of all things. In the Christian thinking after the fourth century A.D. the Logos,rightly identified with Christ in the sense of the Gospel of John, was certainly not regarded as the creator of all visible things. Instead, Christ is contrasted with the Creator as the Father, as God the Father. The Logos is designated as the Son, but the Son is not considered the Creator; it is the Father Who is made into the Creator. This doctrine has persisted through the centuries and completely contradicts the Gospel of St. John. You cannot take this Gospel seriously and not regard Christ as the Creator of all things visible, and instead view the Father God as the Creator. You can see, my dear friends, how little this Gospel was taken seriously in later Christian times.

and later in the lecture this is explained:

  • And the Gospel of St. John, a mighty, significant monument was written in order to indicate:
  • No, it is not as the people of old believed; the Earth was not created by the Father God. The Father God made the Son come forth from Him; and the Son is the creator of the earth.

This is what the Gospel of John was supposed to state.

And again he concludes the lecture with:

I wanted to point out that the ways to properly grasp the buried primordial wisdom have yet to be sought. Nowadays people pay no attention to the fact that the Gospel of St. John clearly states that the Logos is the creative principle, not the Father God.

Now, what is implied by saying that the Logos is the creator of everything?

[continued on Blood is a special fluid]

1922-04-24-GA211

They were deeply initiated, the earliest Christian initiates; and they knew that the Christ, Whom we think of today as the Being Who passed through the Mystery of Golgotha at the beginning of our era, — they knew that the Christ, Who came hither from the Sun, had also descended to the Sun from yet more distant heights.

It was in the Sun that Zarathustra beheld Him.

Then His power went over into the rays of the Sun. The initiates of Egypt beheld Him in the rays of the Sun.

And then His power lived in the environment of the Earth. It was there that the initiates of Greece beheld Him.

And now in this present time — so said the earliest Christian initiates — it is given to man to behold Christ as One Who walked on Earth in an earthly body, and Who is seen by us in His true form when we behold Him as the Risen One — the Christ Who is in the Earth, and has seen the Mystery of the Earth and can now bring it about that this Mystery shall gradually flow into the evolution of mankind.

1924-06-12-GA239

The principle that is working in us when we attain our freedom, when we release ourselves altogether from the sway of nature, this principle is the Son Being, the Christ — the Second Form of the Godhead. But it is the Power of the Holy Spirit that quickens within us the recognition that we live not in the body alone but having been associated with the body through its phases of development, we awaken, we are awakened as beings of Spirit. Man in the fullness of his being can be understood only through the Trinity; it is there that we perceive the concrete reality.

1924-GA026-LT137-139

The Divine had to enter inwardly as Being, even in the earthly life, into the Organisation of the Intellectual or Mind-Soul which, during earthly existence, has its life from what is earthly. This took place through the Divine-Spiritual Logos, Christ, uniting His cosmic destiny with the Earth for the sake of mankind.

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Over against this event — which is also a cosmic event occurring on the Earth — we have for Humanity the descent of the Logos. Persephone descends to bring Nature into its original direction. In this case there must be rhythm at the foundation; for the events in Nature take place rhythmically. The Logos descends into humanity. This occurs once during human evolution. For the evolution of humanity is but one part in a gigantic cosmic rhythm, in which, before the stage of man's existence, humanity was something altogether different, and in which, after this stage is passed, it will be something altogether different again; whereas the plant life repeats itself as such in shorter rhythms.

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The world of Man must be so recognised that in Christ it reveals the original and eternal Logos who works for the unfolding of the Spirit-being of man in the sphere of the Divine Spiritual Being bound up with man from the Beginning.

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LT 139: In the quick rhythmic repetition of the seasons of the year, the Divine-Spiritual Being which descended into the depths of Earth to permeate Nature's process with the Spirit, accomplishes this process. It is the ensouling of Nature with the Forces of the Beginning and of Eternity which must remain at work; even as Christ's descent is the ensouling of Mankind with the Logos of the Beginning and of Eternity, whose working for the salvation of mankind shall never cease.

Friedrich Rittelmeyer reports a conversation with Rudolf Steiner about the difference between the Christ and the Logos.

Rudolf Steiner confirmed that Christ was the highest being in the hierarchy of the Sun, but that one needed to differentiate this being from the second divine person or Logos. The Logos stands 'above' or 'behind' this highest of the Sun hierarchy or Sun God called Christ. Behind each of the three groups of the Spiritual Hierarchies stands a person of the Godhead.

When Christ spoke of the Father it was always with extraordinary respect or awe, but this was not versus Jehovah - even though this was how Jewish people maybe understood it. Christ would have identified himself with Jehovah.

Discussion

[1] - Rittelmeyer quote

Friedrich Rittelmeyer reports a conversation with Rudolf Steiner about the difference between the Christ and the Logos.

Rudolf Steiner confirmed that Christ was the highest being in the hierarchy of the Sun, but that one needed to differentiate this being from the second divine person or Logos.

The Logos stands 'above' or 'behind' this highest of the Sun hierarchy or Sun God called Christ.

Behind each of the three groups of the Spiritual Hierarchies stands a person of the Godhead.

When Christ spoke of the Father it was always with extraordinary respect or awe, but this was not versus Jehovah - even though this was how Jewish people maybe understood it. Christ would have identified himself with Jehovah.

[2] - Christ as Lion and Sun Cherub

Why do we sometimes find references to Christ as the Lion, or as the Sun Cherub?

On Old Sun, the spiritual hierarchy going through the human stage of waking consciousness were the archangels. The highest hierarchy meeting the archangels in their support of their development were the Cherubim (see 1909-04-13-B-GA110, and Schema FMC00.077A).

The most advanced leader of these archangels got an initiation by the 'world initiators'. One could put forth the hypothesis that the Son Logos used this level of the Cherubim for the initiation of Christ the Sun God on Old Sun.

Sources

For the description in the Book of Ezekiel as Winged Lion, see the further commentary after 1905-10-25-GA093A (also given below) on Luciferic beings and their influences

Schiller's 'An die Freude' (1785) contains the line:

And the cherub stands before God.

1904-07-02-GA089, when describing the seven creative spirits before the throne:

Let us think of this spread among seven planets. In truth, all seven are present, but one of them always has the power (the others hold lesser offices). If we take the fourth orb, it is ours. The device for us is therefore: The Father principle veils itself in the Word and reveals itself to the Spirit. And that is Christianity. With this Cherub we have the key word and hence also the meaning of Christianity.

1905-10-25-GA093a maps to the Bull-Lion-Eagle in Ezekiel's description

Quite alone, it would be impossible for Lucifer to lead upwards what is on the Earth. For this, not only is the power of a Moon Adept necessary, but of a Sun Adept, who embraces the universality of human life, not manifesting only in science and art. Lucifer is represented as the Winged Form of the Dragon; Ezekiel describes him as the Winged Bull.

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Now there came a Sun Hero, similar to those who appeared in the Hyperborean Epoch, represented by Ezekiel as the Winged Lion. This Hero, Who gave the second impulse, is the Christ, the Lion out of the tribe of Judah. The representative of the Eagle will come only later; he represents the Father Principle. Christ is a Solar Hero, a Lion-Nature, a Sun Pitri.

In 1906-10-04-GA091 we find the correspondence between Christ and the Lion

Lion = budhi-force corresponds to Christ. The Lion is this Cherub. .. .. the Cherubim with the Lion-head.

1910-09-10-GA123

.. it is our duty to speak of this fact, just as the great Essene teacher, Jesus ben Pandira, spoke prophetically of the Christ as ‘the Lion Who was to come forth from the line of David,’ thus referring to the Sun-Force that was to stream from the constellation of Leo.

Note on the side: 1909-04-17-GA110 describes the development of the physical bodily germ on Old Saturn

Each member of the human body was given a distinct name in ancient speech. The heart was called the Lion within the body. Primeval wisdom said: to which direction of the Zodiac must one point, if one wishes to indicate the region out of which were laid the first foundations of the human heart? They pointed upwards, and named the Thrones, Cherubim and Seraphim who acted from the region of Leo (Lion). Man received the first outline of his physical body projected from out [of] universal space, and the region of his body, which he was accustomed to call inwardly, Leo, was also called the region of Leo out in the Zodiac Thus are these things connected. Thus also have all the other foundations or germs of the human organs been formed by the Animal Circle or Zodiac. The heart was formed by Leo the Lion.

[3] - The beginning of creation

[3a] The beginning of the John's Gospel is key to an understanding of the Word, the Logos, and Christ.

Rudolf Steiner describes this from various perspectives:

  • 1907-11-16-GA100 describes the Earth stage, and the fact the Archai were at creative level CoC=7
  • 1908-05-19-GA103 maps the first lines of John's Gospel to the planetary stages: Old Saturn, Old Sun, Old Moon, then Earth
  • 1908-05-20-GA103 continues on this to state in summary: "The Logos was already a creating power even in the Old Saturn stage; it then became Life while our Earth was passing through its existence as the Old Sun, and it became Light while the Earth was passing through the Old Moon stage". Then goes on to describe the seven SoF (at CoC=8) of which six went with the separation of the sun, and one (Jehovah) to the moon.
  • 1909-06-25-GA112 states that John refers to the beginning of Genesis and the same divine being that is described there. The beginning of Genesis is the moment of the separation of the Sun during the Earth stage of evolution. (1910-08-17-GA122)
  • 1909-06-26-GA112 maps the divine powers Logos, Life and Light to what worked and appeared on Old Saturn, Old Sun, Old Moon.
  • 1921-06-30-GA204 states that the Earth and all visible things (see underlined sections in extract above) were created by the Son or Logos and not by the Father.

The lecture extracts above seem to support two options:

  • Option A is that the Son Logos is creator of Earth and all visible things.
  • Option B is that is inferred that the Son Logos is creator since the start of the solar system evolution from the start of Old Saturn.

[3b] The above can now be connected to the creation by the three logoi, see the following two notes in the Discussion areas:

Three dimensions of evolution#.5B1.5D The three logoi and the three dimensions of evolution: the 1904-10-25-GA089 quote

Creation by the three Logoi#.5B1.5D - Schemas FMC00.067 and FMC00.010A

[4] - Christ Shining through the gate of the Spirit of Wisdom

See the extracts of 1912-04-13-GA136 and 1912-04-14-GA136 on Christ's descent to Earth, where is described (a) how what we call Christ shone down through the Sun-SoW as a portal, and (b) how the Sun represents the SoW as a portal. Note this takes place in a context of the current Postatlantean epoch on Earth.

The essence of what is stated in1912-04-13-GA136 is:

[the being] we .. designate by the word Christ, is that which has shone down through the portal of the Sun-spirit of Wisdom.

See Schema FMC00.077A:

The 'level' 10 CoC-10 on Earth corresponds to the hierarchy of the Spirits of Wisdom. One could say that the second Logos quite naturally started his descent to Earth, as CoC-10 represents the emanating level of the Third Logos or Holy Spirit.

Related pages

References and further reading

  • Oskar Kürten: Christ (unpublished), english translation of the three German booklets. Contents:
    • The Sun Spirit Christ According to Rudolf Steiner (1967)
    • God the Son, the Logos and the Trinity (1971)
    • Jesus of Nazareth: A Contribution towards Understanding the Jesus Mystery (1973)
    • Appendix: The Son of Man and the Cosmic Christ