Astronomy

From Anthroposophy

The spiritual scientific framework offers a different view of the cosmos as given contemporary mineral science. The latter only focuses on the element of 'earth' (physical matter) and radiation in a materialistic understanding of light and warmth.

Astronomy is a crucial component of Man's worldview and the quest for meaning. See Meaning of life for explanations of 'teleology' (an explantion of purpose) and 'cosmogony' (a model concerning the origin and coming-into-existence of the cosmos and Man). See further Man's most important questions and Meaning of Free Man Creator.

In the mineral scientific worldview Man is but 'a speck in the vast universe', arising from physical laws and coicidences that gave rise to life. In the spiritual scientific worldview Man is the creation of the spiritual hierarchies and the crown of creation, on the way to become Gods.

The following main concepts make up the study of astronomy through observation and study of the celestial objects:

  • Our 'solar system' consists, besides Earth, Moon and Sun, of the planets (and their moons), the planetoid belt, comets and asteroids or falling stars. Furthermore, historically especially, special importance was given to conjunctions and eclipses of the sun, moon, and planets.
  • The 'world of the stars' is made up of constellations made up of stars as well as galaxies and nebulae. Observations also show the existence of what are called variable stars and temporary stars (supernovae).
  • The advent of radio-astronomy in the 20th century has brought new sets of observations. This includes microwave, infrared, ultraviolet, X-ray and gamma ray telescopes. The experimental data can however not be separated from the worldview thinking and mathematical models and theories of the astronomers. Examples are background radiation, doppler shift, black holes, quasars, etc. See also Discussion area below.

The above astronomical observations can be grouped into three categories:

  • human observer only (since millenia)
    • supported with tools such as the astrolable, torquetum.
  • observations with a telescope, at first visual (since approx. 1610 with Galileo)
    • and later photographical (since 1840s) and with electronic CCD cameras (since 1970s)
    • as well as spectroscopy (since say the 1880s)
  • radio astronomy and interferometry (since approx. 1930s)
    • and later outside of the earth's atmosphere via satellites (since the 1960s) for X-ray, gamma-ray, ultraviolet en infrared.

Mineral science interprets the observational data into a certain materialistic thought framework using a combination of deductive thinking and mathematics.

The spiritual scientific worldview relates these to

Illustrations

Schema FMC00.274 sketches a functional view on how we can imagine the work of the first and second spiritual hierarchy in hat we call the cosmos or the world of the stars and planetary systems.

FMC00.274.jpg


FMC00.076 shows at a conceptual level what happens with the creation of a new solar system. This is to be mapped to Schema FMC00.048 on Twelve Conditions of Consciousness and what happens at the border of CoC 7 to 9, see sacrifice and the reversal (see FMC00.187 on Christ Module 7 - Cosmic dimension.


FMC00.076.jpg


Lecture coverage and references

Rudolf Steiner in the booklet 'Christmas'

Today when a human being, influenced by an abstract science of astronomy, looks at the starry heavens, these are filled with abstract material spheres. But these celestrial spheres will again become for the human being the bodies of souls and spirits. ...

We will experience the whole cosmos as warm and comforting just as we find the embrace of a friend warm and comforting, though of course we will experience the spirit of the cosmos as more majestic and sublime.


1921-01-GA323 is the Third Scientific Course: Astronomy consisting of 18 lectures

Discussion

Timing and worldview

From the timeline of technology development above, it is apparent that most fundamental building blocks underlying our contemporary view of the universe are based on interpretation of and deductions by thinking and/or mathematics of observational data from the last 150 years.

Illustrative are the best available scientific evidence for the current Big Bang theory:

  • 1920s: relativistic Doppler effect and redshift (Hubble's law, Friedmann equations, Lemaitre's expanding universe)
  • 1960s: cosmic microwave background radiation


Examples of complex observational data

The following are examples of modern astronomical observations, whereby complex theories are put forth to try and explain the observations within the framework of the astronomical theories of mineral science.

SS433:

wikipedia states:

SS 433 is one of the most exotic star systems observed. It is an eclipsing X-ray binary system, with the primary most likely a black hole, or possibly a neutron star. The spectrum of the secondary companion star suggests that it is a late A-type star. SS 433 is the first discovered microquasar. It is at the centre of the supernova remnant W50.

Related pages

References and further reading

  • Elisabeth Vreede: 'Astronomy and Spiritual Science'
  • Ernst Hagemann: 'Sphärenwirken im Kosmos und auf der Erde'
  • Nick Thomas: 'Space and counterspace'