The spiritual scientific framework offers a different view of the cosmos as given contemporary mineral science. The latter only focuses on the element of 'earth' (physical matter) and radiation in a materialistic understanding of light and warmth. The dominant contemporary scientific framework builds strongly on theoretical thought-forms developed with mathematics on the assumption that the cosmos is material and plays in a timespace described by Euclidean geometry. This is an extrapolation which has no underlying justification or foundation, for background, see Top five problems with current science and Spectrum of elements and ethers
Astronomy is a crucial component of Man's worldview and the quest for meaning. See Meaning of life for explanations of 'teleology' (an explantion of purpose) and 'cosmogony' (a model concerning the origin and coming-into-existence of the cosmos and Man). See further Man's most important questions and Meaning of Free Man Creator.
In the mineral scientific worldview Man is but 'a speck in the vast universe', arising from physical laws and coicidences that gave rise to life. In the spiritual scientific worldview Man is the creation of the spiritual hierarchies and the crown of creation, on the way to become Gods.
The following main concepts make up the study of astronomy through observation and study of the celestial objects:
- Our 'solar system' consists, besides Earth, Moon and Sun, of the planets (and their moons), the planetoid belt, comets and asteroids or falling stars. Furthermore, historically especially, special importance was given to conjunctions and eclipses of the sun, moon, and planets.
- The 'world of the stars' is made up of constellations made up of stars as well as galaxies and nebulae. Observations also show the existence of what are called variable stars and temporary stars (supernovae - see stars).
- The advent of radio-astronomy in the 20th century has brought new sets of observations. This includes microwave, infrared, ultraviolet, X-ray and gamma ray telescopes. The experimental data can however not be separated from the worldview thinking and mathematical models and theories of the astronomers. Examples are background radiation, doppler shift, black holes, quasars, etc. See also Discussion area below.
The above astronomical observations can be grouped into three categories:
- human observer only (since millenia)
- supported with tools such as the astrolable, torquetum.
- observations with a telescope, at first visual (since approx. 1610 with Galileo)
- and later photographical (since 1840s) and with electronic CCD cameras (since 1970s)
- as well as spectroscopy (since say the 1880s)
- radio astronomy and interferometry (since approx. 1930s)
- and later outside of the earth's atmosphere via satellites (since the 1960s) for X-ray, gamma-ray, ultraviolet en infrared.
Mineral science interprets the observational data into a certain materialistic thought framework using a combination of deductive thinking and mathematics.
The spiritual scientific worldview relates these to
- the evolution of the spiritual hierarchies along the Twelve conditions of consciousness
- and their reflection in what we can observe in the macrocosmos, and this in the different Planes or Worlds of Consciousness
- taking into account the spectrum of elements and ethers to map the understanding about what is being measured and observed, and the implications it has, ao for the study of etheric Formative forces and Mathematics of the etheric
.. astronomical science .. has a better opportunity than any other of being led back to what is spiritual.. There is a means, through what astronomy has to offer, by which such a return might easily be made ..
Schema FMC00.274 sketches a functional view on how we can imagine the work of the first and second spiritual hierarchy in hat we call the cosmos or the world of the stars and planetary systems.
FMC00.076 shows at a conceptual level what happens with the creation of a new solar system.
This is to be mapped to Schema FMC00.048 on Twelve Conditions of Consciousness and what happens at the border of CoC 7 to 9, see sacrifice and the reversal (see FMC00.187 on Christ Module 7 - Cosmic dimension.
Note the below is to be read on a level of spiritual science, the physical mineral solar system perceived with our senses only came into being in the fourth Condition of Life of the current planetary stage Earth, see Schema FMC00.057C on Evolution of Earth.
Lecture coverage and references
Rudolf Steiner in the booklet 'Christmas'
Today when a human being, influenced by an abstract science of astronomy, looks at the starry heavens, these are filled with abstract material spheres. But these celestrial spheres will again become for the human being the bodies of souls and spirits. ...
We will experience the whole cosmos as warm and comforting just as we find the embrace of a friend warm and comforting, though of course we will experience the spirit of the cosmos as more majestic and sublime.
1920-10-15-GA324A and 1921-08-26-GA324A are about Copernicus' third law
1921-01-GA323 is the Third Scientific Course: Astronomy consisting of 18 lectures
Interpretation of light and matter
In a spiritual scientific view as explained by the various planetary stages of evolution, see Overview of solar system evolution, the gradual unfoldment of the Spectrum of elements and ethers becomes clear. Light arose out during the Old Sun stage. Therefore, the fact that there is no light coming from a source we can perceive due to its impact does not have to be correlated at all to the existance of physical mineral matter as exists on Earth. See again: Top five problems with current science.
Timing and worldview
From the timeline of technology development above, it is apparent that most fundamental building blocks underlying our contemporary view of the universe are based on interpretation of and deductions by thinking and/or mathematics of observational data from the last 150 years.
Illustrative are the best available scientific evidence for the current Big Bang theory:
- 1920s: relativistic Doppler effect and redshift (Hubble's law, Friedmann equations, Lemaitre's expanding universe)
- 1960s: cosmic microwave background radiation
Examples of complex observational data
The following are examples of modern astronomical observations, whereby complex theories are put forth to try and explain the observations within the framework of the astronomical theories of mineral science.
SS 433 is one of the most exotic star systems observed. It is an eclipsing X-ray binary system, with the primary most likely a black hole, or possibly a neutron star. The spectrum of the secondary companion star suggests that it is a late A-type star. SS 433 is the first discovered microquasar. It is at the centre of the supernova remnant W50.
References and further reading
- Elisabeth Vreede: 'Astronomy and Spiritual Science' (2007, letters 1927-30; first in DE in 1954 and first in EN in 1980)
- Joachim Schultz: 'Movement and rhythms of the stars - a guide to naked-eye observation of sun, moon and planets' (1986 in EN, original 'Rhythmen der Sterne' 1963 first in DE, third edition 1985)
- Hermann von Baravalle
- Der Sternenhimmel über und unter uns
- Die Erscheiningen an Sternenhimmel
- Ernst Hagemann: 'Sphärenwirken im Kosmos und auf der Erde'
- Norman Davidson: 'Sky phenomena - a guide to naked-eye observation of the stars' (1993)
- Nick C. Thomas: 'Space and counterspace - A new science of gravity, time and light' (2008)
- Chapter 11: Astronomy and cosmology