Man as a threefold being

From Anthroposophy

Man is a threefold being in that three subsystems arose as part of the previous planetary stages in evolution [1]. We distinguish three subsystems:

These three subsystems

  • perform generic functions [2] that can also be found in other kingdoms of nature, such as the plant
  • can be described by the alchemical processes in nature [3], and
  • map to the substance and work of different spiritual hierarchies [4].

Please note:

  • the functional systems 'cut across' Man's bodily principles
  • and although we can relate them to three areas of Man's physical body (upper, middle and lower part), the subsystems are really throughout the whole body.

With regards to past and future evolution of Man, the head nerve sense part is the oldest part and is 'dying off', whereas the metabolic-limb part is the newest and 'coming into existence'.

Illustrations

Schema FMC00.112 illustrates that the aspects of the threefold nature of Man can be named head, chest and limb, but denote subsystems that run throughout the physical and etheric bodies of Man.

FMC00.112.jpg

Schema FMC00.007 illustrates the three subsystems in Man, see also FMC00.282 below

FMC00.007.jpg

FMC00.282 illustrates the three subsystems in Man, see also FMC00.007 above

FMC00.282.jpg

Schema FMC00.294 considers Threefold Man as a warmth mechanism (see the Human 'I') and makes the link with the seasons in Nature.

FMC00.294.jpg

Schema FMC00.111 illustrates 'Man as an inverted plant', that is: how the three functional subsystems in Man (left) correspond to the same subsystem functions in a plant (right). See also Christ Module 6 - Principle in image and story

FMC00.111.jpg

Schema FMC00.257 shows how current threefold Man, that rises upright on Earth, gets form and life from three groups of zodiacal influences and three groups of planetary influences. Starting left, the embryo is formed in the womb, and the baby then rises upright (second drawing) as Man did in the Lemurian epoch. Compare the three groups of zodiacal influences to FMC00.256 below, see also Discussion area. On the right, quoting from 1921-10-30-GA208 how the soul life comes about:

Man develops an independent etheric life towards the head because they raise that part out of both the zodiac and the movements of the planets. Then the astral body and the I enter and are able to take part in the thought and idea activity of the ether body.

FMC00.257.jpg

Schema FMC00.256 illustrates the three groups of zodiacal influences on Man (see lecture extract below). Compare with FMC00.257, see also Discussion area.

FMC00.256.jpg

FMC00.281 shows the various cosmic influences of Earth and the elemental world, the planetary spheres, and the fixed stars.

Compare with Schema FMC00.280 (Fludd) below.

FMC00.281.jpg

Schema FMC00.280 below depicts threefold Man with illustrations by Robert Fludd (1619).

See the two diagrams on the left, showing the three realms as they manifest in Man.

  • To the highest heaven corresponds the head, with its three functions:
    • The Deific Ray or Mind: Uncreated Light.
    • The Sphere of Light or Intellect: Created Light
    • The Sphere of Spiritus: Reason: the Empyrean
  • The planetary spheres or ethereal heaven correspond to the thorax or breast, in whose centre rules the heart, equivalent to the Sun in the 'sphere of life'.
  • The elemental spheres of fire, air, water and earth are marked both on the diagram and beneath
    • A Choler (gall bladder)
    • B Blood (liver and veins)
    • C Phlegm (belly)
    • D Faeces or dung (viscera)

On the right: The Diapason closing full in Man

The body is formed of food, hence of the four elements.

This inert matter is vivified by the soul, which is of another order of existence altogether.

The wonderful harmony of these two extremes is brought about by the Spiritus Mundi, the limpid spirit, represented here by a string. It extends from God to the Earth, and participates in both extremes. On it are marked the stages of the soul's descent into the body, and its re-ascent after death.

The three worlds are shown as concentric circles, marked on the left:

  • 'Empyrean Heaven of the Microcosm',
  • 'Ethereal Heaven of the Microcosm' and
  • 'Elemental Heaven'.

They correspond respectively to man's head, chest and belly, or on the mental plane to intellect, imagination and sense.

FMC00.280.jpg

Lecture coverage and references

1920-11-26-GA202

the head-formation is an outcome of the Old Saturn, Old Sun and Old Moon evolutions; whereas the limb-man is a starting-point for the Future Jupiter, Future Venus and Future Vulcan evolutions.


1921-11-24-GA209 recapitulates the sketch from 1921-10-30-GA208 regarding Threefold man and zodiac forces

The human form is a most marvellous structure.

  • Think of the head. In all its parts, the head is a copy of the universe. Its form is spherical, the spherical form being modified at the base in order to provide for the articulation of other organs and systems. The essential form of the head is a copy of the spherical form of the universe, as you can discover if you study the basic formation of the embryo.
  • Linked to the head-structure is another formation which still retains something of the spherical form, although this is not so immediately apparent: the chest-structure. Try to conceive this chest-structure imaginatively; it is as if a spherical form had been compressed and then released again, as if a sphere had undergone an organic metamorphosis.
  • Finally, in the limb-structures, we can discover hardly anything of the primal, embryonic form of man. Spiritual Science alone will make us alive to the fact that the limb-structures too, still reveal certain final traces of a spherical form although this is not very obvious in their outer shape.

When we study the threefold human form in its relation to the Cosmos, we can say that man is shaped and moulded by cosmic forces but these forces work upon him in many different ways.

The changing position of the Sun in the zodiacal constellations through the various epochs has been taken as an indication of the different forces which pour down to man from the world of the fixed stars.

Even our mechanistic astronomy today speaks of the fact that the Sun rises in a particular constellation at the vernal equinox, that in the course of the coming centuries it will pass through others, that during the day it passes through certain constellations and during the night through others. These and many other things are said, but there is no conscious knowledge of man's relationship to the universe beyond the Earth.

[Aries]

It is little known, for example, that when the Sun is shining upon the Earth at the vernal equinox from the constellation of Aries, the solar forces streaming down into human beings in a particular part of the Earth are modified by the influences proceeding from the region in the heaven of fixed stars represented by the constellation of Aries.

o  Neither is there any knowledge of the fact that these forces are peculiarly adapted to work upon the human head in such a way indeed, that during earthly life man can unfold a certain faculty of self-observation, self-knowledge and consciousness of his own I.

o  During the Greek epoch, as you know, the Sun stood in the constellation of Aries at the vernal equinox. In the Greek epoch, therefore, Western peoples were particularly subject to the Aries forces. The fact of being subject to the Aries forces makes it possible for the head of man to develop in such a way that I-consciousness, a faculty for self-contemplation, unfolds.

o  Even when the history of the zodiacal symbols is discussed today, there is not always knowledge of the essentials. Historical traditions speak of the zodiacal symbols — Aries, Taurus, Gemini, and so forth.

o  In old calendars we frequently find the symbol of Aries, but very few people indeed realise the point of greatest significance, which is that the Ram is depicted with his head looking backwards. This image was intended to indicate that the Aries forces influence man in the direction of inwardness — for the Ram does not look forward, nor out into the wide world — he looks backwards, upon himself; he contemplates his own being. This is full of meaning.

[Three groups of forces]

Once again, and this time in full consciousness not with the instinctive — clairvoyance of olden times — once again we must press forward to this cosmic wisdom, to the knowledge that

  • the forces of the human head are developed essentially through the forces of Aries, Taurus, Gemini and Cancer. The human head receives its spherical form from the in-working forces of Aries, Taurus, Gemini and Cancer — forces which must be conceived as radiating directly down, from above downwards.
  •  the forces of the chest-structure are subject to those of the four middle constellations — Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio whereas the zodiacal forces to which the chest-organisation of man is essentially subject (Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio), work laterally.
  • The other four constellations lie beneath the Earth; their forces work through the Earth, from below upwards. They work upon the limb-structures, and in such a way that the spherical form cannot remain intact. These are the constellations which in the instinctive consciousness of olden times, man envisaged as working up from beneath the Earth. and working upon the limb-structures.
    • Thus, according to the wisdom of the stars, a man might be a hunter — one who shoots; the constellation which stimulated the corresponding activity in his limbs, making him a hunter, received the name of Sagittarius, the archer.
    • Or again, a man might be a shepherd, concerned with the care of animals in general. This is implied in Capricorn, as it is called nowadays. In the true symbol, however, there is a fish-tail form. The Capricorn man is one who has charge of animals, in contrast to the hunter, the Sagittarius man.
    • The third constellation of this group is Aquarius, the water-carrier. But think of the ancient symbol. The true picture of this constellation is a man walking over hard soil, fertilising or watering it from a water-vessel. He represents those who are concerned with agriculture — husbandmen. This was the third calling in ancient times when there was instinctive knowledge of these things: huntsman, shepherd, husbandman.
    • The fourth calling was that of a mariner, In very early times, ships were built in the form of a fish, and later on we often find a dolphin's head at the prow of vessels. This is what underlies the symbol of Pisces — two fish forms intertwined — representing ships trading together. This is symbolical of the fourth calling which is bound up with activities of the limbs — the merchant or trader.

We have thus heard how the human form and figure originate from the Cosmos.

  • The head is spherical; here man is directly exposed to the forces of the heavens of the fixed stars or their representatives the zodiacal circle.
  • Then, working laterally, there are the forces present in the chest-organisation which only contains the human figure in an eclipsed and hidden form — Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio.
  • And lastly there are the forces which do not work directly but by a roundabout way, via the earthly activities, through the influence upon man's calling. (For example, the archer — Sagittarius — is also portrayed as a kind of centaur, half horse, half man, and so forth).

Again in our time we must strive for a fully conscious realisation of man's place in the Cosmos. The form and shape of his physical body are given by the Cosmos. The upper part of his structure is a product of the Cosmos; the lower part a product of the Earth. The Earth covers those constellations which have a definite connection with his activities in life. Not until man's connection with the whole Cosmos is thus recognised and acknowledged will it be possible to understand the mysteries of the human form and its relation to earthly activities. And at the very outset the human form leads us to the zodiacal constellations.

Discussion

The three groups of zodiacal influences

Note FMC00.256 and FMC00.257 show different groups.


Related pages

References and further reading